Jadgali language - Wikipedia

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Title Jadgali language - Wikipedia
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JadgalilanguageFromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopediaJumptonavigationJumptosearchForotherlanguageswiththename,seeJadgalilanguage(disambiguation).JadgaliNummaṛīNative toPakistan,IranNativespeakersnoreliabledata (2008)[1]LanguagefamilyIndo-EuropeanIndo-IranianIndo-AryanNorthwesternZoneSindhiJadgaliWritingsystemArabicscript(Nastaʿlīq)[2]LanguagecodesISO639-3jdgGlottologjadg1238JaḍgālīisanIndo-AryanlanguagespokenbytheJadgal,anethno-linguisticgroup[3]ofPakistanandIran.ItisoneofonlytwoIndo-AryanlanguagesfoundontheIranianplateau.[3]ItisadialectofSindhimostcloselyrelatedtoLasi.[4]ThemajorityoftheJadgalipopulationisfoundinPakistan,wherea2004estimateplaceditat15,600,[5]andinIran,whereaccordingtoa2008estimateitisatleast25,000.[6]TherearealsoimmigrantcommunitiesinOmanandtheUnitedArabEmirates,wheretheJadgalareknownasaz-zighālīoraz-zijālī.[7]InIranatleasttwovarietiesarespoken,whicharereportedlynoteasilyintercomprehensible.[8]ThetermJadgalisofBalochiorigin,butitisnowadaysusedbytheJadgalthemselves,alongsidetheirearlierendonymNummaṛ,whichisthesourceofthelanguagenamesNummaṛīandNummaṛikī.[9]Jadgaliisunderdocumented.AccordingtoEmeneau,itislikelytohavebeenthesourceofearlyIndo-AryaninfluencesonBalochiandBrahuiandthereforestudiesofthelanguagecouldhelpbringinsightsintothelinguistichistoryofthearea.[10]InIran[edit]InIran,JadgaliisspokenintheDashtyariregioninthesouthandsouth-eastofSistanandBalochistanProvince,particularlyinPullān,PīrSuhrābandBāhūKalāt;allneighbouringcommunitiesareBalochi-speaking.[11]MostspeakersofJadgaliethnicallyself-identifyasJadgal,whileasmallnumberseethemselvesasJadgal-Baloch.[12]Inwidercontexts,theyidentifyasBaloch,andarefullyacceptedassuchbytheBalochispeakers,[13]withwhomtheyarephysicallyandculturallyindistinguishable.[7]TheJadgalclaimtobeofBalochoriginandtohavechangedtheirlanguagebecauseofinteractionswiththeirneighboursatthetimewhentheyweresettledinLasBela,aregionattheeasternendofBalochistan.Accordingtothisstory,theylefttheirhomelandafteradefeatfromtherulerofSindhandthenmovedwestward,eventuallysettlinginDashtyariduringthereignofShahAbbas.[14]Balochiisthelanguageofwidercommunication,allmaleadultsarebilingualinit,[13]anditismorelikelytobetheonepassedontochildreninmixedmarriages.[15]However,attitudestoJadgaliarepositiveandthelanguageisvital.[16]Persianisusedrelativelyoften.[17]InadditiontoBalochiTVprogrammes,somepeoplealsowatchSindhi-languagebroadcastsfromPakistan.[18]References[edit]^Delforooz2008,p. 25^"EthnologuereportforJadgali".Ethnologue.^abDelforooz2008,p. 23.^Delforooz2008,pp. 27–28.ThesimilaritytoLasiemergedfromastudyofrecordingsoflexicalitems.Theauthornotesthatthereneverthelessaredifferencesinbothpronunciationandlexicon.^Ethnologue2017.EthnologuehadearlierestimatedthepopulationinPakistanat100,000.(Ethnologue2013).^Delforooz2008,p. 25.Thecorresponding2004estimatereportedinEthnologue(2017)was10,000.^abDelforooz2008,p. 25.^Basedonthetestimonyofonespeaker.(Delforooz2008,p. 28).^Delforooz2008,p. 28.^Bashir2016,pp. 272,277.^Delforooz2008,pp. 25,28.^Delforooz2008,p. 26.^abSpooner1969,p. 144.^Delforooz2008,pp. 25–26.^Delforooz2008,p. 42.^Delforooz2008,pp. 41–42.^Delforooz2008,pp. 36,42.^Delforooz2008,p. 33.Bibliography[edit]Bashir,ElenaL.(2016)."Contactandconvergence.Baluchistan".InHock,HansHenrich;Bashir,Elena(eds.).ThelanguagesandlinguisticsofSouthAsia:acomprehensiveguide.WorldofLinguistics.Berlin:DeGruyterMouton.pp. 271–84.ISBN 978-3-11-042715-8.Delforooz,BehroozBarjasteh(2008)."AsociolinguisticsurveyamongtheJagdalinIranianBalochistan".InJahani,Carina;Korn,Agnes;Titus,PaulBrian(eds.).TheBalochandothers:linguistic,historicalandsocio-politicalperspectivesonpluralisminBalochistan.Wiesbaden:ReichertVerlag.pp. 23–44.ISBN 978-3-89500-591-6.Lewis,M.Paul;Simons,GaryF.;Fennig,CharlesD.,eds.(2013)."Jadgali".Ethnologue(17 ed.).Archivedfromtheoriginalon2013-03-04.Simons,GaryF.;Fennig,CharlesD.,eds.(2017)."Jadgali".Ethnologue(20 ed.).(accesslimited).Spooner,Brian(1969)."Politics,Kinship,andEcologyinSoutheastPersia".Ethnology.8(2):139–152.doi:10.2307/3772976.ISSN 0014-1828.JSTOR 3772976.vteLanguagesofPakistanOfficiallanguagesUrduEnglishOtherlanguages(byadministrativeunit)AzadKashmirDogriGujariKashmiriKundalShahiPahari-PothwariBalochistanBalochiBrahuiDehwariHazaragiJadgaliKhetraniPashtoWanetsiGilgit-BaltistanBaltiBurushaskiDomaakiKhowarPurgiShinaWakhiKhyberPakhtunkhwaBurushaskiBadeshiBateriChilissoDameliGawar-BatiGowroHindkoIndusKohistaniKalamiKalasha-munKalkotiKamviriKhowarMankiyaliMunjiOrmuriPalulaPashtoTorwaliUshojiWazirYidghaPunjabBagriDogriPahari-PothwariPunjabidialectsSaraikiRajasthaniSindhAerBagriBengaliBhayaDhatkiGoariaGujaratiJandavraJogiKoliKachiParkariWadiyaraKutchiLoarkiMarwariMemoniMewariOdRajasthaniSindhiUrduVaghriRelatedtopicsIndo-AryanlanguagesDardiclanguagesIraniclanguagesPakistaniSignLanguageArabicPersianPakistaniHindi(Hindi)ChagataivteLanguagesofIranOfficiallanguagesPersianRegionallanguagesAzerbaijaniAchomiKurdishKurmanjiSoraniXwarinLakiGoraniLuriGilakiMazanderaniArabicBalochiTalyshTatiQashqaiTurkmenSemnaniMinoritylanguagesArmenianAssyrianCircassianDomariGeorgianHebrewJadgaliSignlanguagesPersianSignLanguagevteModernIndo-AryanlanguagesDardicKashmiriKashmiriKishtwariShinaShinaBrokskatKundalShahiKalkotiUshojiPalulaSawiPashayiPashayiKunarDameliGawar-BatiNangalamiShumashtiChitralKalashaKhowarKohistaniIndusKohistaniBateriChilissoGowroKalamiTirahiTorwaliWotapuri-KatarqalaiNorthernEasternDoteliJumliNepaliCentralGarhwaliKumaoniWesternDogriKangriBhadarwahiChurahiBhatealiBilaspuriChambealiGaddiPangwaliMandealiMahasuPahariJaunsariKulluiPahariKinnauriHinduriSirmauriSaraziNorthwesternPunjabiEasternPunjabidialectsSansiLahndaHindkoInkuKhetraniPahari-PothwariSaraikiSindhiJadgaliKholosiKutchiLuwatiMemoniSindhiWesternGujaratiAerGujaratiJandavraKoliKachiParkariWadiyaraLisanud-DawatParkariKoliSaurashtraVaghriRajasthaniBagriGoariaLoarkiGujariDhundariHarautiMalviMarwariMewatiMewariShekhawatiDhatkiNimadiBhilBhiliBhilaliChodriDhodia-KuknaDhankiDubliBauriaBhiloriMawchiMagariPalyaBareliPauriBareliRathwiBareliPardhiGamitKaltoVasaviWagdiVaagriBooliOthersKhandeshiLambadiDomaakiDomariRomanilistoflanguagesCentralWesternBrajBhashaBundeliHaryanviHindustaniKauraviHindi(ManakHindi)UrduDeccaniHyderabadiUrduRekhtaKannaujiSansiSadhukkadiEasternAwadhiBagheliChhattisgarhiFijiHindiOthersParyaEasternBihariBhojpuriCaribbeanHindustaniKurmaliMagahiKhorthaMaithiliAngikaBajjikaMajhiMusasaSadriTharuKochilaKuswaricBote-DaraiDanwarBengali–AssameseBengaliBengalidialectsBishnupriyaManipuriHajongChittagonianChakmaKhariaTharKurmukarMalPahariaNoakhaillaRohingyaSylhetiTanchangyaKamarupicAssameseKamrupiGoalpariyaRajbanshi(Nepal)RangpuriSurjapuriOdiaOdiaSambalpuriDesiaBhatriBodoParjaReliKupiaHalbicHalbiKamarBhunjiaNahariSouthernMarathi–KonkaniMarathicMarathiVarhadiAndhBerarDeccanVarliPhudagiKatkariKadodiKonkanicKonkaniMaharashtrianKonkaniCanareseKonkaniInsularMaldivianSinhalaUnclassifiedBazigarChinali–LahulChinaliLahulLoharSheikhgalPidginsandcreolesAndamanCreoleHindiBombayHindiHaflongHindiNagameseNefameseVeddaSeealso:OldandMiddleIndo-Aryan;Indo-Iranianlanguages;Nuristanilanguages;Iranianlanguages<imgsrc="//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:CentralAutoLogin/start?type=1x1"alt=""title=""width="1"height="1"style="border:none;position:absolute;"/>Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jadgali_language&oldid=1034528009"Categories:LanguagesofIranLanguagesofBalochistan,PakistanWesternIndo-AryanlanguagesHiddencategories:ISOlanguagearticlescitingsourcesotherthanEthnologueNavigationmenuPersonaltoolsNotloggedinTalkContributionsCreateaccountLoginNamespacesArticleTalkVariantsexpandedcollapsedViewsReadEditViewhistoryMoreexpandedcollapsedSearchNavigationMainpageContentsCurrenteventsRandomarticleAboutWikipediaContactusDonateContributeHelpLearntoeditCommunityportalRecentchangesUploadfileToolsWhatlinkshereRelatedchangesUploadfileSpecialpagesPermanentlinkPageinformationCitethispageWikidataitemPrint/exportDownloadasPDFPrintableversionLanguagesتۆرکجهفارسیKiswahiliPiemontèisاردوEditlinksThispagewaslasteditedon20July2021,at11:29 (UTC).TextisavailableundertheCreativeCommonsAttribution-ShareAlikeLicense;additionaltermsmayapply.Byusingthissite,youagreetotheTermsofUseandPrivacyPolicy.Wikipedia®isaregisteredtrademarkoftheWikimediaFoundation,Inc.,anon-profitorganization.PrivacypolicyAboutWikipediaDisclaimersContactWikipediaMobileviewDevelopersStatisticsCookiestatement
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