Central Bohemian Region - Wikipedia

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CentralBohemianRegionFromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopediaJumptonavigationJumptosearchRegionoftheCzechRepublicRegioninCzechRepublicCentralBohemiaRegionStředočeskýkrajRegionCityscapeofKutnáHorawithStJameschurchFlagCoatofarmsCountry CzechRepublicCapitalPragueDistrictsBenešovDistrict,BerounDistrict,KladnoDistrict,KolínDistrict,KutnáHoraDistrict,MělníkDistrict,MladáBoleslavDistrict,NymburkDistrict,Prague-EastDistrict,Prague-WestDistrict,PříbramDistrict,RakovníkDistrictGovernment • GovernorPetraPecková(STAN)Area • Total11,014.97 km2(4,252.90 sq mi)Highest elevation865 m(2,838 ft)Population (2019-01-01[1]) • Total1,369,332 • Density120/km2(320/sq mi)TimezoneUTC+1(CET) • Summer(DST)UTC+2(CEST)ISO3166-2CZ-STLicenceplateSNUTScodeCZ02GDPpercapita(PPS)(2018)€24,900HDI(2019)0.856[2]veryhigh·7thWebsitewww.kr-stredocesky.czTheCentralBohemianRegion(Czech:Středočeskýkraj,German:MittelböhmischeRegion)isanadministrativeunit(Czech:kraj)oftheCzechRepublic,locatedinthecentralpartofitshistoricalregionofBohemia.ItsadministrativecentreisintheCzechcapitalPrague(Czech:Praha),whichliesinthecentreoftheregion.However,thecityisnotpartofitbutisaregionofitsown.TheCentralBohemianRegionisinthecentreofBohemia.Intermsofarea,itisthelargestregionintheCzechRepublic,with11,014 km2,almost14%ofthetotalareaofthecountry.Itsurroundsthecountry'scapital,Prague,andbordersLiberecRegion(inthenorth),HradecKrálovéRegion(northeast),PardubiceRegion(east),VysočinaRegion(southeast),SouthBohemianRegion(south),PlzeňRegion(west)andÚstínadLabemRegion(northwest).Contents1Administrativedivisions2Geography3Population4Economy4.1Industry4.2Agriculture4.3Transport5Tourism5.1Castles6Photogallery7References8ExternallinksAdministrativedivisions[edit]TheCentralBohemianRegionisdividedinto12districts:DistrictsoftheCentralBohemianRegion  Benešov  Beroun  Kladno  Kolín  KutnáHora  Mělník  MladáBoleslav  Nymburk  Praha-Východ(Prague-East)  Praha-Západ(Prague-West)  Příbram  RakovníkPříbramDistrictistheregion'slargestdistrictintermsofarea(15%ofthetotalregion'sarea),whilePrague-WestDistrictisthesmallestone(5%).In2019,theregioncountedintotal1,144municipalitieswhereof26weremunicipalitieswithadelegatedmunicipaloffice.1,028municipalitieshadlessthan2,000inhabitantsandtheyaccountedfor41%ofthetotalpopulationoftheregion.82municipalitieshadastatusoftown.Geography[edit]TheSázavaRiverattheKliment'sViewWithanareaof11,014 km2,theCentralBohemianRegionisthelargestregionoftheCzechRepublic,occupying14%ofitstotalarea.Theregionhasrelativelydiversifiedterrain.ThehighestpointoftheregionislocatedonTokhill(865 m[3])inBrdyHighlandsinthesouthwesternpartoftheregion.ThelowestpointoftheregionissituatedonthewatersurfaceoftheElbeRiver(Czech:Labe)nearDolníBeřkovice.Theregionisdividedintotwolandscapetypes.ThenortheasternpartisformedbythePolabílowlandswithahighshareoflandbeingusedforagriculturalpurposesanddeciduousforests.Thesouth-westernpartoftheregionishillywithconiferousandmixedforests.ImportantriversintheregionareElbe,Vltava,Berounka,JizeraandSázava.OntheVltavariver,aseriesofninedams(Czech:Vltavskákaskáda)wasconstructedthroughoutthe20thcentury.Theagriculturallandaccountsfor83.5%ofalllandintheregion,which11p.p.morethanthenationalaverage.ThehighestshareoftheagriculturallandcanbefoundinPolabí,especiallyinKolínandNymburkdistricts.Thereareanumberoflandscapeparkslocatedintheregion.Křivoklátskoisthelargestandmostimportantlandscapeparkintheregion,beingatthesametimeaUNESCOBiosphereReservation.AnotherremarkableareaistheBohemianKarst,thelargestkarstareaintheCzechrepublic,wheretheKoněprusyCaves(Czech:Koněpruskéjeskyně)arelocated.Finally,alargepartofKokořínskoLandscapeParkissituatedintheCentralBohemianRegion.Population[edit]AsofJanuary1,2019theCentralBohemianRegionhad1,369,332inhabitantsandwasthemostpopulousregioninthecountry.About53%oftheinhabitantslivedintownsorcities.ThisisthelowestproportionamongtheregionsoftheCzechRepublic.Sincethesecondhalfofthe1990stheareassurroundingPraguehavebeensignificantlyinfluencedbysuburbanization.Highnumbersofyoungpeoplehavemovedtotheregionandsince2006theregionhasbeenexperiencinganaturalpopulationgrowth.In2019,theaverageageintheregionwas41.2years,thelowestnumberamongtheregionsintheCzechRepublic.[1]Thetableshowscitiesandtownsintheregionthathadmorethan10,000inhabitants(asofJanuary1,2019):[4]NamePopulationArea(km2)DistrictKladno69,05437KladnoDistrictMladáBoleslav44,48929MladáBoleslavDistrictPříbram32,64233PříbramDistrictKolín31,69035KolínDistrictKutnáHora20,58033KutnáHoraDistrictBeroun19,51031BerounDistrictMělník19,48625MělníkDistrictBrandýsnadLabem-StaráBoleslav19,13623Prague-EastDistrictKralupynadVltavou18,19422MělníkDistrictBenešov16,65647BenešovDistrictNeratovice16,16320MělníkDistrictRakovník15,84619RakovníkDistrictSlaný15,83435KladnoDistrictŘíčany15,61926Prague-EastDistrictNymburk15,06321NymburkDistrictPoděbrady14,18634NymburkDistrictČelákovice12,26016Prague-EastDistrictMilovice11,83431NymburkDistrictVlašim11,59841BenešovDistrictČáslav10,32626KutnáHoraDistrictSilvermininginKutnáHorainthe15thcenturyŠkodaSuperbproducedinMladáBoleslavEconomy[edit]TheGrossdomesticproduct(GDP)oftheregionwas24.1billion€in2018,accountingfor11.6%ofCzecheconomicoutput.GDPpercapitaadjustedforpurchasingpowerwas25,300€or82%oftheEU27averageinthesameyear.TheGDPperemployeewas84%oftheEUaverage,whichmakesCentralBohemiaoneofthewealthiestregionsintheCzechRepublic.[5]Sixoutoftenemployeesintheregionworkinthetertiarysectorandtheshareofthissectoronthetotalemploymenthasbeenincreasingovertime.Ontheotherhand,theshareofprimaryandsecondarysectorhasbeendecreasing.Theunemploymentrateintheregionisinthelong-termlowerthanthenationalaverage.AsofDecember31,2012theregisteredunemploymentratewas7.07%.However,therewereconsiderabledifferencesintheunemploymentratewithintheregion.ThelowestunemploymentratewasinPrague-EastDistrict(3.35%)whilethehighestinPříbramDistrict(10.10%).Theaveragewageintheregionin2012wasCZK24,749(approximatelyEUR965).Industry[edit]Themostimportantbranchesofindustryintheregionaremechanicalengineering,chemicalindustryandfoodindustry.Othersignificantindustriesareglassproduction,ceramicsandprinting.Ontheotherhand,sometraditionalindustriessuchassteelindustry,leathermanufacturingandcoalmininghavebeendecliningintherecentperiod.In2006,237industrialcompanieswith100ormoreemployeeswereactiveintheregion.AcarmanufacturerŠKODAAUTOa.s.MladáBoleslavbecameacompanyofnationwideimportance.AnothercarmanufacturerwhichisactiveintheregionisTPCACzech,s.r.o.inKolín.Agriculture[edit]Thenorth-easternpartoftheregionhasveryfavourableconditionsforagriculture.Theagricultureintheregionisorientedespeciallyincropfarming,namelytheproductionofwheat,barley,sugarbeetandinsuburbanareasalsofruitfarming,vegetablegrowingandfloriculture.Sincethebeginningofthe1990stheemploymentinagriculture,forestryandfishinghasbeendecreasing.Transport[edit]Theregionhasanadvantageouspositionthankstoitsproximitytothecapital.Asignificantproportionofregion'spopulationcommutesdailytoPragueforworkortoschools.Comparedtootherregions,theCentralBohemianregionhasthedensest(andthemostoverloaded)transportnetwork.TheroadsandrailwaysconnectingthecapitalwithotherregionsallcrosstheCentralBohemianregion.Tourism[edit]CentralBohemiaofficialtouristboardisbasedinHusovastreet156/21Prague1OldTown.TheofficialwebsiteofCentralbohemiaiswww.centralbohemia.eu(Currentlyunderreconstruction).TherearealsosocialpagesonFaceboookandInstagram.Castles[edit]Mainarticle:ListofcastlesintheCentralBohemianRegionKarlštejnCastleKokořínCastleKonopištěKřivoklátCastleLányPhotogallery[edit]AmerikaquarryBezdězCastleČeskýŠternberkCastleElbeinPoděbradyJílovéuPrahytrainstationESSOpowerplantinKolínKarlštejnCastleKladnoKolín,St.BartholomewchurchKonopištěCastleCountrysideinthesurroundingsofKopečvillage(MělníkDistrict)AviewfromHostibejkhillatKralupynadVltavouKutnáHora,St.BarbaraChurchatthenightLányCastleObservationtoweratMacekhillinNovéStrašecíMladáBoleslavMnichoviceNymburkStaráBoleslavAshaftbuildingoftheŠevčínshaftinPříbramHighGateinRakovníkTokhillTřebešiceCastle(KutnáHoraDistrict)References[edit]^ab"PopulationofterritorialunitsoftheCzechrepublic".CzechStatisticalOffice.Retrieved2019-04-30.^"Sub-nationalHDI-AreaDatabase-GlobalDataLab".hdi.globaldatalab.org.Retrieved2021-07-20.^"Archivedcopy".Archivedfromtheoriginalon2018-02-10.Retrieved2018-02-09.CS1maint:archivedcopyastitle(link)^"PopulationofmunicipalitiesoftheCzechrepublic".CzechStatisticalOffice.Retrieved2019-04-30.^"RegionalGDPpercapitarangedfrom30%to263%oftheEUaveragein2018".Eurostat.Externallinks[edit]WikivoyagehasatravelguideforCentralBohemia.WikimediaCommonshasmediarelatedtoCentralBohemianRegion.RegionstatisticsvteRegionsoftheCzechRepublicCentralBohemianHradecKrálovéKarlovyVaryLiberecMoravian-SilesianOlomoucPardubicePlzeňPragueSouthBohemianSouthMoravianÚstínadLabemVysočinaZlínAuthoritycontrolGeneralIntegratedAuthorityFile(Germany)ISNI1VIAF1WorldCatNationallibrariesFrance(data)CzechRepublicOtherMusicBrainzareaCoordinates:50°0′N14°32′E/50.000°N14.533°E/50.000;14.533<imgsrc="//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:CentralAutoLogin/start?type=1x1"alt=""title=""width="1"height="1"style="border:none;position:absolute;"/>Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Bohemian_Region&oldid=1034677756"Categories:CentralBohemianRegionRegionsoftheCzechRepublicNUTS2statisticalregionsoftheEuropeanUnionHiddencategories:CS1maint:archivedcopyastitleArticleswithshortdescriptionShortdescriptionmatchesWikidataShortdescriptionisdifferentfromWikidataPagesusinginfoboxsettlementwithnocoordinatesArticlescontainingCzech-languagetextArticlescontainingGerman-languagetextCommonscategorylinkfromWikidataArticleswithGNDidentifiersArticleswithISNIidentifiersArticleswithVIAFidentifiersArticleswithBNFidentifiersArticleswithNKCidentifiersArticleswithMusicBrainzareaidentifiersArticleswithWORLDCATIDidentifiersCoordinatesonWikidataNavigationmenuPersonaltoolsNotloggedinTalkContributionsCreateaccountLoginNamespacesArticleTalkVariantsViewsReadEditViewhistoryMoreSearchNavigationMainpageContentsCurrenteventsRandomarticleA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